Labour, violence and gender: feminicide and the neoliberal ascension in 20th century Mexico

Joana Perrone


This paper aims to discuss the impact of neoliberal policies on violence against women, mainly focusing on the relations between the advent of EPZs (export-processing zones) in Mexico and the growth of feminicides in the area. It draws on Marxist feminist literature to discuss how class and race position women at the intersection of domestic labour and industrial labour and how neoliberal policies exploit that position, simultaneously impacting women’s safety and reducing state support. The existent literature on feminicide widely discusses state responsibility in women-killing, whereas in this paper, the main aim is to link neoliberalism and feminicide through an analysis of the capitalist structure of Latin America during the neoliberal ascension. In doing so, the paper plans to offer a in-depth analysis of the gender dimension of Mexican political economy and its relation to violence against women. Furthermore, through this analysis of the links between neoliberal policies and feminicide, this paper discusses the fallacy of neoliberalism as a model for integrating populations and economies, as it both facilitates the reproduction of violence against women, which is an structural component of a system of gender oppression and strengthens the exploitation of working classes.

feminicide - neoliberalism - class