NOTES ON MARXISM IN LATIN AMERICA: NEW ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. THE ROLE OF GRAMSCIAN THOUGHT IN THE RENEWAL OF THE THEORETICAL AND POLITICAL PATRIMONY OF THE LATIN AMERICAN LEFT.

Raúl Burgos
  raul.ufsc@gmail.com
  

Abstract

Latin American Marxism Panel - Political Theory

Raúl Burgos
Department of Sociology and Political Science.
Federal University of Santa Catarina/ Brazil

The article proposed starts from a brief discussion of certain limits experienced by Marxism in Latin America, in terms of theoretical and political influence; pointing out some internal reasons inside the Marxist theoretical field. Then, highlights the complexity of what is called "Latin American Marxism" which, on the one hand, should be able to be understood in its radical plurality of views and, on the other hand, it should be understood involving the production of a number of authors who have developed their thoughts outside (in territorially sense) of Latin America, such as Ernesto Laclau, Stuart Hall and Michel Löwy.
Following, are highlighted a number of essential issues on which to focus the Marxist debate, based on a radical tolerance among different interpretations: on the one hand, theoretical issues central to the tradition such as the question of "Marxist determinism”; the question of the "revolution" in obligatory relationship, in our times, with the concept of "hegemony "; the consequent question of the "subject of the revolutionary transformation”; the question of contemporary meaning of "socialism"; the issue of "state" etc.
On the other hand, new issues brought about by the political practice in Latin American territory, such as the issue of "indigenous emancipation"; the "environmental question" and its relation to the previous topic like "el buen vivir"; the issue of "solidarity economy", the question of the "emancipation of women" in the Latin American conditions, the question of the "emancipation of black people"; the criticism of the "war against drugs" and the anti-prohibitionist struggle; the "full recovery of the idea of democracy" to the socialist tradition, etc. The article concludes by showing how the dissemination of ideas of Antonio Gramsci established an adequate field for the theoretical exchange in turn of a solution for the mentioned theoretical and political problems and for the political articulation looking for the production of a new and original Latin American Marxism.

gramsci - latin america - latin american left - rennewal marxism